Travel Log 7: “Global Responsibility” Part 1 by Samantha Prevot. Notting Hill, London, England.

In the editorial cartoon “She’s Waving Goodbye…” the skeleton of a woman, labeled in red with the name of the country Rwanda, seems to be waving to a group of onlookers who are puzzled as to what she could be waving about. They ask themselves “Now what’s that she’s doing?” “Does she want something?” and some respond by saying “We should wave back, I suppose.” “Yes, indeed. As concerned, nations, we ought not appear rude.”

This cartoon is a representation of the state of foreign relations during the genocide that occurred in Rwanda from April until July of 1994. The Hutu majority in the country targeted members of the Tutsi, and the attacks led to an estimated 800,000 deaths. The genocide was 5885341planned by members of the political elite, and was carried out by members of the army, government-backed militias, the Catholic clergy as well as ordinary civilians. Some militias named themselves the “Army of Jesus” as they believed it was their mission to destroy God’s enemies. During this time, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was operating in the country and were unsuccessful in their peacekeeping efforts. Other countries such as France attempted to send aid to Rwanda, but were also unsuccessful. Overall, many nations failed to even acknowledge the genocide in Rwanda and the UN did not allow many of the ideas put forward by UNAMIR commander Romeo Dallaire.

This is the situation depicted in the cartoon; one where other nations stood by and watched as this mass slaughter took place. The actions taken by the Rwandans and the other nations of the world are most definitely in violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that was written by the United Nations. Article 1 of the Declaration states that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” and that they should “act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” Some of these rights are mentioned in Articles 3 and 5 such as the right to “life, liberty and security of person” as well as not being “subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” The Declaration also says that every person is equal before the law and is entitled to equal protection of the law. Genocide in itself is a violation of these rights, as humans are murdering one another in cold blood, but other nations such as the United States should also be held responsible. They did not act towards Rwanda in a spirit of brotherhood by acknowledging the situation and sending help, but rather just ignored the situation and tried to make amends following the attacks. It was as though other nations did not see Rwandans as equal before the law and that they did not deserve their human rights of life, liberty and security of person.

There are some reasons why other nations were not as eager to send help, and those are explained somewhat by the cartoon and the film Shake Hands with the Devil: The Journey of Roméo Dallaire. In the cartoon, the bystanders say “As concerned nations, we ought not appear rude” in reference to waving back to the skeleton woman. Dallaire alludes to this notion of diplomacy and manners in the film when he discusses his propositions to the UN, saying they didn’t accept his plans because they did not want to take such extreme measures. The cartoon could also be referring to the actions of countries such as the U.S. after the genocide, when President Bill Clinton gave a speech giving his condolences and apologies on behalf of his country, as a way of “not appearing rude” in the aftermath of such horrors, although the damage has already been done.

A similar situation can be seen today regarding the conflict in Syria. This is often a topic discussed when it comes to United States foreign policy, and it is truly a global issue. Refugees are leaving the country and migrating to others, especially those in Eastern Europe. Unfortunately, governments are becoming less and less accepting of refugees and immigration policies are becoming increasingly strict, particularly and now famously in countries such as the United States following the elction of Donald Trump. It seems as though no one country in particular, or the United Nations as a group, want to take charge and try to stop the conflict or try to handle the refugee situation. Instead, we are getting a similar situation of other countries becoming bystanders and watching as people are killed or displaced from their homes. After crises like these, we take a step back and say “never again”, but hopefully we will finally say “never again” for the last time and begin to actually follow the Declaration of Human Rights and maintain a spirit of brotherhood between the countries of the world.


Travel Log 7: “Global Responsibility Part1” By: Stephen Sharo, Dunedin, NZ


This cartoon depicts a church labeled “Never Again Official U.N Memorial” with the word Rwanda put above the doorway. On the inside of the church there are layers of skulls lining the walls. On the other side of the cartoon, there is a jeep labeled Janjaweed speeding right through the church and heading towards a sign that says Darfur. The militia in the jeep are also shooting at people trying to run away. In order to better understand the cartoon, background information on the situation in Darfur should be better understood. The Janjaweed are a militia group located in Darfur and Chad and are responsible for killing hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians. In 2003 the government and the Janjaweed began ethnic cleansing of non-Arabs in the area and the conflict is still continuing today. The author’s message was very clear, he is trying to show that the current situation in Darfur is exactly what has happened in Rwanda. The U.N said tragedies like this should never happen again, but they are currently allowing it to happen in Darfur and Sudan. The Janjaweed blew past the U.N condemnations of Rwanda and are continuing to murder innocent people. The amount of human rights which were violated in the cartoon were many. The people depicted in the cartoon are receiving cruel and inhuman treatment and were denied the rights to life liberty and security of person. (UN News Center). I think it takes a global effort in order to keep these rights enforced. The crises which cause the violations of these rights are too large for any one country or person to handle. For example, in the movie Shake Hands with the Devil General Roméo Dallaire attempts to change the situation in Rwanda. He was fully committed to remedying the situation and attempted to protect the rights of the people. However his small peacekeeping force was too small to make an impact. As a result, he completely blames himself, even though he did everything in his power to help. Preserving these human rights is a task that is too large for any one man or country. Other situations similar to the Rwandan genocide occurring today include the situations in Syria, Darfur, and Iraq. I think that there is a greater awareness and knowledge about these situations compared to Rwanda, but there is still little actions being taken. I think that as people we have a responsibility to help maintain the rights of these people.


“The Universal Declaration of Human Rights | United Nations.” UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2016


TL7 “Global Responsibility” Part 1 by Kari Julien Trice -Barcelona, Spain

I had briefly heard about the Rwandan genocide in a class before, but after watching the documentary, Shake Hands with the Devil, I learned much more about this terrifying point in history. The Rwandan genocide was a violent conflict that occurred on April 4, 1994 and continued for weeks after. Over 800,000 people were killed through this violence between the Tutsi and Hutu within 100 days. These victims were denied their human rights. In our workshop we discussed human rights as being universal and given to all human beings, regardless of nationality, ethnicity, religion, gender, or any other classification. Human rights are something that every single one of us is born with, however, many people do not recognize the human rights we have, and some choose to ignore it.

The cartoon that I have posted to depict the Rwandan genocide is a picture portraying how the media publicizes news. As a Communications major, I have learned that the news stations only report an extremely small portion of what actually occurs within the world. The cartoon depicts how the media covered the O.J. Simpson trial, and Michael Jackson. I remember when I first heard of the King of Pop’s death on the radio. His passing was all over the news for weeks, but with the Rwandan genocide, not much was mentioned. It is really unfortunate that something as important as this genocide was ignored within the media. The media chose to present minimal news about Rwanda, and therefore many people were unaware of what was going on.


After looking through the list of human rights, one that stood out to me particularly was, “Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law” (Universal Declaration of Human Rights). I wish that the media recognized the people in Rwanda as human beings whose lives are just as important as those constantly announced in the news. I understand that this right may express more a right when in a courtroom, but I think an important keyword here is recognition. We must recognize that there are other human beings out there with different cultural backgrounds and different ways of living. We may have cultural differences but each person has human rights and they matter too.

Travel Log 7. “Global Responsibility,” Part 1, By Taylor Chelo. Perugia, Italy

When I did some background research regarding the 1994 Rwandan genocide, one of the unfortunate, yet common headlines that I came across described the United Nations as “hopeless.” As far back as I can remember from my many history classes, I have always thought the U.N. was a major contributor and supporter throughout the global community. However, the film Shake Hands with the Devil: The Journey of Roméo Dallaire alarmingly highlighted a time in our world’s history when the U.N. did not live up to their standards. The human rights editorial cartoon that I found portrays the ignorance of other members of the global community, ignorance to shed light on the catastrophe in Rwanda.

The 1994 Rwandan genocide was a mass slaughter of over 800,000 Tutsi in Rwanda, East Africa by members of the Hutu majority. The slaughter was sparked on April 6th, 1994 when an airplane carrying Habyarimana and Burundian President, Cyprien Ntaryamira, was fatally shot down. This is what prompted Canadian General Roméo Dallaire to not only accept the U.N. mission, but to also stay there in hopes of resolving the issue while other members of the global community were withdrawing. The genocide began the following day, yet, as shown in the cartoon, potential international supporters like the United States were too preoccupied by national events going on that same day to send support. For example, in Waco, Texas, a gun siege broke out amidst a search and arrest procedure by


Human Rights Editorial Cartoon. Source:

the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF). In Detroit during the 1994 U.S. Figure Skating Championships, the ex-husband and bodyguard of former figure skating champion, Tonya Harding, hired someone to break the leg of Harding’s opponent, Nancy Kerrigan. The Bobbitt’s were a famous American couple, whose relationship made worldwide headlines when Lorena Bobbitt cut off her husband’s penis with a knife overnight. Between 1993 and 1994, Michael Jackson faced his first child sexual abuse allegations. O.J. Simpson was charged with the murder of ex-wife Nicole Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman in June 1994. In the midst of what were, at the time, major media spotlights in our nation, the streets of Rwanda were being lined with thousands of dead bodies, dead bodies of Tutsi individuals, dead bodies of innocent members of our global community. Thus, the cartoon artist’s message was to depict the pure arrogance of the United States media to shed light on a much more severe event occurring in Rwanda.

The artist also depicted two major human rights violations. According to Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person” (United Nations). Article 10 continues to explain how Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as […] national or social origin, property, birth or other status […] no distinction shall be made on the basis of […] international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs” (United Nations). Regardless of our place of origin, where we live, or what is occurring in our nation, our actions and decisions affect other members of the global community outside of our nation’s borders. The United States was so focused on the happenings aforementioned in the late Spring of 1994 that they did not take note of the bloodshed in Rwanda until tourists traveled to see the memorials that were resurrected years later.

Although I was not around during the time of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, I did not know about it until I watched the documentary for this travel log. This fact alone has touched me profoundly. The fact that the United Nations has established an official document explicitly outlining the human rights of the global community is also baffling to me because we have yet to meet its standards. When one looks back on our world’s history, we have failed to faithfully recognize any of the Declaration’s articles, and the poor , global treatment of these human rights violations has not truly changed. People still kill innocent human lives around the globe, fueled by the discrimination of one’s skin, like the shooting of Michael Brown in 2014, and one’s religious identity, like those of the Islam religion who are under the pressure of recent bombings. As the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, all individuals of the global community hold global responsibility. We are all members of the universal human race, and we are all entitled to creating a better world.

Travel Log 7: “Global Responsibility-Part 1” By Jim Webb: Perugia, Italy

The Rwanda genocide occurred over approximately one hundred days where an estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 people were killed.  Members of the Tutsi population were openly attacked by the Hutu population in an effort to exterminate them.  This conflict, following a civil war, resulted in the deaths of more than twenty percent of Rwanda’s total population.  The world stood idly by as the genocide engulfed the country and blame was cast in all directions.  The United Nations (UN) made little effort to supply the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) with adequate supplies, people, and support.  As a result, the UNAMIR, lead by Canadian Lieutenant-General Roméo Dalaire, did as much as it could but was fighting against unsurmountable odds.  The fault does not solely lie on the UN but also on France, who allegedly supported the Hutu-led government during the genocide, and Belgium who left Rwanda in a state of disarray after ravaging the country of its resources during the colonization period.  I personally think Belgium should take much of the blame because it was them who divided the population into Hutu and Tutsi and indirectly created a void between the population.

The political comic I chose is called “She’s Waving Goodbye.”  This comic portrays Rwanda as a starved, husk of a human, whose hand is reaching into the air seeming to be begging for assistance.  In the distance a group of people in business attire are saying, “What’s she doing? Oh must just be waving. Hello!”  I think this portrays the stance that the majority of the world took during the Rwanda genocide.  Instead of looking at the problem closer they turned a blind eye and saw only what they wanted to see in it.  People in the United States were more concerned with the O. J. Simpson trial and the news focused heavily on that.  France was “allegedly” supporting the Hutu-led government and in my opinion the blame lays heavily with them.  Its one thing to not get involved in another nations affairs in order to protect the lives of your own citizens but France was knowingly supporting a genocide.  Another nation that I believe is at fault is Belgium who created the two political parties based off of arbitrary medical examinations.  The Belgium government in Rwanda ruled from 1922 until 1945, after WWII, and in 1935 Belgium introduced identity cards.  These cards were used to label members of the population as Tutsi, Hutu, Twa, or Naturalised.  The identity cards created a class system and a void between the populations, which lead to racism and the eventual genocide.

I think genocides are still occurring today but the way the media portrays it and how governments alter the details change how we see it.  Sometimes its very hard to tell a civil war from a genocide when your news is biased and you do not know what to believe.  I also think there is still a problem of nations shirking their responsibilities and pushing the blame to someone else.  The bottom line is that I don’t believe most Nations are doing enough to intervene in genocides and prevent them from occurring.  We can look back at history and see we haven’t learned much because genocides are still occurring.

The Holocaust 1941, Bangladesh 1971, Cambodia 1975, Guatemala 1981, Bosnia 1992, Rwanda 1994, Darfur, Sudan… When will we change?


Travel Log 7 “Wise for the World” by Doug Beebe; London, UK

The Rwandan Genocide, which took place for approximately 100 days after April 4th, 1994, came about from the ongoing conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi people (main political party groups) since 1990. The genocide was comprised of mainly the Hutu people, consisting of the Rwandan army, police forces and government backed militias, killing over seventy percent of the Tutsi population, which was approximately twenty percent of the Rwandan population.

The political cartoon that I chose to use that I felt represented this genocide the best was one that depicted the media attention towards the Rwandan Genocide. As you can see in the cartoon, there are mobs of people running into a building that is for the OJ Simpson Press Conference. The media persons running into the building were expressing to one another that they had potentially met each other before, and then proceeded to list the different big headlines that had been in recent news, one being the Rwandan genocide. One person then said “what’s a ‘Rwanda’,” showing that they had never heard of Rwanda as a country no less the immense genocide that had taken place there. The medias negligence to shed any light on the genocide could have definitely played a huge part in the fact that it continued to take place for over 100 days.

7bAfter researching the genocide more in depth and reading an article from about the genocide I began to understand why there was no attention on this horrific event. The major powers of the world had basically decided to ignore the fact that this was happening and denied the legitimacy of the massive slaughter even though they knew that the Tutsi’s were targeted for elimination by the Hulu’s. What should have happened was further investigation of the situation rather than the constant ‘sweeping under the rug and pretending it isn’t there’ tactic.

On the United Nations website under human rights its explicitly states, “the human rights council is…responsible for the promotion of all human rights around the globe” which includes article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states “no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” The United Nations should have intervened in the situation or at least investigated the mass slaughter as their duty to uphold human rights around the globe. The main powers of the worlds negligence coupled with the medias attention to more mainstream and popular topics at the time is the reason why the genocide was a genocide.

Travel Log 7 “Global Responsibilities Part 1” by Kait Shortell. Paris, France

 Screen Shot 2015-10-21 at 9.21.06 PM

To start this post, I googled cartoons of the Rwandan genocide. The first four or five cartoons that I clicked on were directly linked to our t3Rope blog site. I’m not entirely sure how Google sorts its pictures, but I think it certainly says something about how many people take the time to search for knowledge about the worlds history and what goes on around them. One of the things that was mentioned in the film, ten years later, after this genocide, the governments of the United Nations and the U.S. etc. still refuse to really recognize what happened there; and because they refuse to take it more seriously, whose to say that history will not repeat itself? I believe this cartoon was foreshadowing a similar situation, taking place in Sudan right now. It is shedding light on the whole “history repeats itself” concept, while trying to jog the world’s memory of what happened last time. The United Nations, particularly France and Belgium essentially gave Rwanda all it needed for this civil war to take place. Belgium turned the two social classes on one another, and France gave them the physical means for a war. They only then returned to Rwanda, pulled their own people out, and left the country as it crumbled and went down in flames. The Rwandan people were seemingly hopeless on their own, without the means to stop what other countries had insinuated. I think the cartoon is suggesting we are on the way to allowing that to happen again. The Human Rights violated in this particular cartoon are those of the very first Article, about how we should act towards one another and do so in a manner of “brotherhood.” This cartoon is very obviously pointing out the lack of brotherhood taking place between Sudan and the U.N., just as it was lacking with Rwanda. It is also suggesting the Europeans see themselves as superior, and better, then the people of Rwanda and Sudan. Therefore, if it doesn’t involve their own people, it doesn’t matter to them. The U.N., as well as any other countries that had the means to help, should have been making efforts to protect these people, and it was selfishness, and a lack of humanity that kept them from helping their “brothers” when they needed it most.

Travel Log 8: “Global Responsibility” Part Two by Jared Walsh. Barcelona, Spain.

I can definitely see how the negative attitude towards study abroad students has developed over the years. Too often have I witnessed the typical “ugly American” in my time abroad. Not only in Spain, but in the other countries I’ve visited as well. One of my professors jokes that you can always tell an American from the rest of the crew because they’re always complaining and usually making loud, obnoxious sounds. The sad thing is that now, after being here for a good two months, I can see exactly where he gets that from. I can immediately tell who is American on the subway a majority of the time because of these factors. They’re usually discussing how drunk they got at the club last night or what luxury hotel they’re staying in next weekend. On the streets late at night, I’ve seen students in other study abroad programs peeing on the streets. Tourists are becoming a big issue in Barcelona, as the locals have taken a notice to this behavior.

In my Urban Studies course here, my professor showed us all a video that, while a bit dramatic, described how most American tourists come here to simply go to the clubs and get wasted rather than explore the sites and try to get to know the culture. They’d rather have Starbucks than go to a small coffee shop, would rather speak English than Spanish, and want nothing more than to cross this city off their list of things to see. I really hate seeing that because I completely agree with Slimbach’s point of view on this situation. While abroad it should be one our main initiative to want to acquire new cultural knowledge, improve our language ability and develop a new attitude towards traveling. Even if an individual isn’t living in the best of conditions, he can still gain insight from his time overseas. An individual can make the best of any situation – that’s simply up to him to decide his own fate. And that’s why I love this quote by Slimbach about education abroad that says “under certain conditions it can enrich the cultural and socioeconomic life of host communities while providing us with unequalled resources for reshaping our world awareness, self-consciousness, and style of life” (Slimbach, 35). If under the right circumstances and the right mindset, we as study abroad students can help slip the ugly American stereotype.

I believe that a great way we could discourage this stereotype of study abroad students and encourage the idea that we can exude-global responsibility is to have students take a course very much like this one. Not only has this course allowed us to keep documentation of our travels, but it has also been a source of key information towards making something useful out of this trip. We’ve been required to analyze the local culture and come up with a plan to better incorporate ourselves into it. We’ve spoken to locals and gotten advice from them as well. Slimbach’s book has been a valuable asset along the way, enlightening us to definitive way of gaining a truly meaningful trip overseas. On top of this we’re also required to complete community service in our city – this is something I think it particularly awesome as it allows us to give back to the cities that have been hosting us. All of the things this course involves and requires of us are what can help to change the impression of an American study abroad student to a positive one as opposed to the way it is now.


Travel Log 7: “Global Responsibility” Part One by Jared Walsh. Barcelona, Spain


The Rwandan genocide was a horrible mass slaughter of members of the Tutsi and Hutu classes of people in Rwanda in 1994. In just over three months, an estimated one million individuals had been killed. No lives were spared, including infants. Men and women were shot by rifles and mauled by machetes. All the meanwhile, the rest of the world played dumb, pretending that it wasn’t happening even though they knew full well of what ignoring the situation would result in. I chose this political cartoon because of how realistic it is. While admittedly this was one of the first few that popped up in Google, the fact that it caught my attention immediately speaks towards its success as a political cartoon. In the cartoon, a Rwandan is laying on the ground, looking as though she was both starving and suffering. Her hand is up in a manner that is beckoning for help, like a final plea for her life. She is labeled as “Rwanda,” meaning to represent the entire country. In the background, a group of people are seen making various comments. Comments such as “we should wave back” and “does she want something?” are as ignorant as they come in this situation. They are oblivious to the reality what is happening to the Rwandan. It appears, based on one of the people saying “as concerned nations” that the group of people is meant to represent the United Nations or a group of countries. The tiny voice in the bottom corner, saying, “She’s waving goodbye” indicates that the country of Rwanda is dying. The other countries were acting oblivious and basically allowing the genocide to continue with no help offered to the suffering country. All of the powers of the world should have been protecting the Rwandan people. These are human beings and they deserve basic human rights. They denied their basic human rights and left them to die. Amongst many, some of the most significant articles of the Human Bill of Rights that were broken was Article 4, “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person” and article 5 “no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” Standing by and allowing a race of people to be slaughtered is both unethical and inhuman. Reasons why countries did not intervene, for the most part, were because they were either preoccupied with other wars or didn’t care enough. Sadly enough, nations usually don’t act out of altruistic motives. More recent examples of these rights being broken are in Afghanistan where women are often stoned to death and Syria where chemical weapons have been used. I think that generally speaking global treatment of these violations changed. Instances of these violations are much better known due to technology and media. This spread of information can be very effective, however it is clear that governmental interests are still seen as more important than human rights – thousands are killed each day and governments around the world don’t act on it either out of apathy or fear of getting attacked by other nations. While I do believe that treatment of these violations has changed for the better, I also believe that there is a long way to go before it’s at a sufficient level.

Travel Log 7: “Wise for the World” Part one. Nicoline Lovisa Tegnell. Barcelona, Spain.

There were so many human rights editorial cartoon depicting the 1994 Rwandan genocide that it became difficult to pick just one to send a powerful enough message regarding

Rwandan genocide political cartoon. Taken from

Rwandan genocide political cartoon. Taken from

what happened in Rwanda. The cartoon I chose shows a man standing in front of a crowd saying “After going through this report prepared by our panel of experts, we’ve decided to suspend all aid to Rwanda…” (found on The panel of experts in the crowd consists of a money, a clown, Pinocchio, and another figure. The Rwandan genocide, as I learned from watching the movie Shake Hands with the Devil, was a period of about 100 days when hundreds of thousands of Rwandans were killed because of conflicts between the Tutsis and Hutus. A Canadian general proposed to send troops to aid the Rwandan struggles, but none ever came and the killing only worsened in Rwanda. What this cartoon is trying to depict is that the Rwandans were going through a crisis and needed help, but people who made dumb decisions –  the reason why the panel of experts is a clown, monkey, and Pinocchio, were allowed to control the situation and let so many people die rather than stepping in and trying to help them. The cartoon is showing how poorly of a decision was made by making this panel of experts such ridiculous figures.

The human rights violation that is being portrayed in this cartoon comes from Article 5. It says, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, However, in the 1994 Rwandan genocide, so many people were tortured and treated so inhumanely. These rights of the Rwandan people should have been protected by all those who signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which are all the members of the United Nations. However, the UN did not choose to protect Rwanda from these horrors because they feel they did not have the funds for it, nor did they have anything to gain from it. People needing their help was not enough incentive for them.

More recent and similar human rights violations are currently occurring in Syria. Although the UN has condemned the violence in Syria, they are struggling to come to a decision on what action to take. Many European countries are helping by taking in refugees, but there is still so much violence occurring in Syria. I think that in some cases, global treatment of these actions has changed, because the more time passes, the more unaccepting people are toward violence. However, in many cases, global treatment of these actions has remained the same, as history seems to be somewhat repeating itself in Syria. Even though the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is supposed to protect people against these horrors, they are still occurring today because words may be written but actions are not being taken and without action words on a piece of paper can mean absolutely nothing.